Bosa is located within the “Planargia”, a region in the north-west of Sardinia. Not far from the sea it lies along Temo river. This is a unique feature of our Island. Dominating the town of Bosa we find the “Malaspina” castle which is surrounded by the old medieval village. The origin of Bosa is testified by a Phoenician inscription “Bs’n” of the 9th century B.C., the name of the garrison that rose at the Temo river mouth. The most resounding news about Bosa is dated from roman age when the town of “Bosa Vetus” rose near the present San Pietro church.
This roman town had never been abandoned despite continuous Arabic raids; as a matter of fact in 1062 was started the building of the Cathedral consecrated to San Pietro, always along Temo river, but more upstream. Temo river is the only navigable river in Sardinia. We can go upstream for about 5 km, as far as the old roman bridge ruins, not far from the old roman San Pietro Cathedral. Going upstream is an evocative experience thanks to its wild landscape along both banks. While the part of the river that divides Bosa allows us to admire the old bridge, the antique buildings and the old tanneries “Sas Conzas” used from 1700 to tan leather, this is one of the first examples of industrial archeology in Sardinia.Of course, in Bosa we can spend a couple of hours lying on the beach. Bosa has a large coast with several inlets separated by high rocks which let everyone have a quiet place even though there are lots of tourists. In 1112 the marquis of Malaspina built a castle on top of “Serravalle” hill. Since then the inhabitants started moving from the low part of Bosa, near the river and less defensible from Arabic raids, to the uphill area near the castle protected by high walls. The whole complex was built during different stages, starting from a couple of towers of the donjon to the surrounding walls. Later, around 1330, the surrounding walls were widened by building a couple of squared towers. A further broadening consisted of the building of a pentagonal tower and the octagonal embankment towards the sea, and in the extent of the surrounding walls all around the hill. In this way the complex had a perimeter of 300 metres spaced out with seven towers, containing a territory of more than one hectare.At the foot of the castle we have the late medieval village of “Sa Costa” which still has an historical fascination. The architecture of this village is adapted to the specific truncated cone shape of the hill, with flights of steps cutting a horizontal path in an asymmetric way. The long lines of terraced houses form like a crown, these lines are equidistant from the walls line of the castle.The houses we find along these narrow paths are usually composed with one room for each floor; some of these rooms are excavated into the hill. Almost each house has two entrances in the staggered floors which let people enter from the downhill entrance and from the uphill entrance. The façades are decorated with red trachyte enriched with architraves carved in bas-relief belonged to the Hispanic-Aragon age.
Alghero is located in the north-west of Sardinia, on the coast called “Costa del Corallo” (the coral coast). This town is unique and it belonged for ages to the Catalan-Aragon kingdom, and still today we find traces of this past, for example the names of the streets are written in Catalan language. People call this town “Barceloneta” (the small Barcelona) for the dialect people speak which is similar to the Catalan language. As a matter of fact Alghero is a kind of linguistic Island.The old town is surrounded by high medieval walls overlooking the sea. Nowadays, it has 40 thousand inhabitants and is the 5th largest town in Sardinia. Alghero is one of the principal gates to our island thanks to Fertilia airport and the ferry lines linking Alghero to Corsica and to mainland Italy. Alghero is the capital of “Costa del Corallo”, 80 km long coast, “Marrargiu” Cape is the southern limit while “Porto Ferro” is the northern one. “Costa del Corallo is so called because of a great amount of high quality red coral which is still fished out by expert “corallari” people who go into the sea to collect this valuable treasure. Economically and culturally the working and the selling of this product has always been important for the population, in fact a branch of coral is inside the Alghero coat of arms.Alghero has a really varied landscape including beaches of thin sand and rocky creeps. Along its coast we find the typical Mediterranean vegetation alternated with pine groves. “Capo Caccia” promontory has an appreciated panorama thanks ot its cliff which resembles a sleepy giant, this is one of the most known symbols of this town. “Capo Caccia” promontory and the “Piana” Island have a naturalistic richness. The particular karst conformation makes this area full of caves and clefts. Exactly in this area we find the Nettuno caves you can visit coming from the sea and using the famous “escala del cabirol” with 656 steps which allow you to discover indoor rooms and pools, stalactites and stalagmites. Another interesting place is “Noah’s Ark”, near Tramariglio hamlet where you vcan hike in the middle of yhe nature. The griffin nests in this area, as do the peregrine falcon and the kestrel, of course they are protected species. We find not only birds, but even partridges, fallow deer, Giara’s horses and wild birds.From the Timidore Mountain and Capo Cristallo we can admire the griffins flying while the “Diavolo Bay is perfect to go diving and to do snorkeling. Vegetation is also important with rare plants and flowers like the bluebottle.
ACCOMODATION IN BOSA: http://www.sardiniangallery.com/