Short account of Tharros and Sinis
Tharros was founded by Phoenicians during the 8th century B.C. It is located in the municipality of Cabras, in the Sinis Mainland. The archeological site of Tharros bewitches visitors both for the ruins of the old commercial town and for its geographical position looking over Oristano Gulf and the Monte Linas range. Dominating the Tharros ruins, is the San Giovanni Tower, built with the stones of Tharros, abandoned in the 10th century A.D. because of the constant raids north African pirates perpetuated for years along the Sardinian coastlines. These constant incursions forced local people to move inland where today we find Oristano, a safer place surrounded by lots of marshes.
5km from Tharros, we reach “San Marco” Cape, the northern promontory of the Oristano Gulf, where an old lighthouse represents the extreme point of Sinis Mainland. In the Sinis paeninsula there is a lagoon which extends for 450 hectares, 0.5m to 1m in depth. During summer time, when the sea level falls, the sea floor re-emerges and the lagoon is divided into dozens of small marshes. There is not a large exchange with marine water or with fresh water and for this reason, salinity level, so low in winter, is even higher than the sea salinity level. Consequently, waters are really salty with the typical flora and fauna of this kind of habitat: eel, mullet and the more exquisite: gilthead bream, bass and shellfish. This environment, characterized by constant winds, salinity and low rains, has favoured the presence of remarkable animal species, especially birds. The most common birds are: pink flamingos, cormorant, marsh harrier, herring gull, sea partridge, heron. Ornithologically speaking, Sinis is one of the most important areas of Sardinia.
Why choose to visit Tharros with us?
Simply, we offer a guided tour accompanied by English speaking experts, into the San Salvatore village, the Tharros ruins and walking along San Marco Cape as far as the lighthouse.